The Bourne Valley view between Combe and Linkenholt
The Bourne Valley, 1950s: Peter Hooks recalls:
The Bourne Valley, as related in my book The great River: Primitive Methodism till 1868, was one of the first parts of northern Hampshire to be penetrated by the expanding movement in the 1830s. Peter Hooks (born 1934) arrived as a Methodist pastor in the Andover Circuit with responsibility for the Hurstbourne Tarrant section, in 1955. The churches of which he had oversight were Hurtsbourne Tarrant, St Mary Bourne, Stoke, Upton, Ashmansworth, Littledown, Wildhern and Vernham Dean – all former Primitive Methodist. His father Alec remained on the local preachers’ list at the age of 100, in 2005, though no longer taking services.
The Bourne Valley Youth Fellowship was set up in the 1950s, with 8 a.m. Sunday prayer meetings at the former Primitive Methodist chapel in Hurstbourne Tarrant. It was established by Ernie Hopkins, a local baker and Methodist local preacher who had come from Wolverhampton and was living in Hurstbourne Tarrant.
At St Mary Bourne chapel was a farmer, Jim Pond of Breach Farm. In the same general period as Pastor Hooks’s arrival, there Joe Bush, an evangelist to village children, gave regular tent missions. Another tent evangelist, Sandy Thompson, visited the village. Kilby also reports evangelistic visits by a Methodist colporteur from Andover, who is presumably the Christian colporteur whom Peter Hooks names as Oliver Hopkins.
Two female Methodist evangelists, Deaconesses Beth Bridges and Pam Cooper, came to the Valley in 1956, and undertook a week’s evangelism. Peter Hooks writes as follows:
These deaconesses spent time at St Mary Bourne, Stoke, Hurstbourne Tarrant and Vernham Dean before going to Littledown, and I am sure would have been supported by the prayerful, supportive genuine Christians.
I have this morning spoken to the only person that is still alive that made a response during the mission at Littledown. The mission made a deep impression on the friends at Littledown starting a Thursday fellowship and a Sunday morning Prayer meeting. Edgar Brooks, a local farmer, was part of this Littledown fellowship.
Ernie Hopkins began a singing group with the purpose of supporting evangelistic meetings, especially welcoming singers who could give a testimony of evangelical conversion. Peter Hooks writes concerning Ernie Hopkins:
He started a Youth Fellowship for all the young people in the valley. This was very successful and attracted young people from all the local Methodist churches.
In 1959 Peter Hooks moved to Whitchurch, and recalls:
As we got more involved with the running of the youth work we organised special evangelistic efforts and campaigns. Evangelists from Cliff College and other denominations came and the young people made commitments and needed follow-up. We met with the young people on Monday and Sunday evenings each week in Whitchurch. This Monday evening group grew gradually each week…These young teenagers who had just started work, who had no previous involvement in the church, came and asked questions, started to pray aloud, and were converted.
These were very rewarding days, no subjects barred, and we believe God used this time.
In Whitchurch after 1959, involvement was drawn in from Methodist Home Mission evangelists Tom Butler and Herbert Silverwood*, as well as from other denominations. Other visiting evangelists were Wesley Loane, Alec Passmore and Steve Wild. Their meetings took place in Whitchurch. People would travel in large numbers to evangelistic meetings in nearby towns, such as Newbury and Whitchurch.
The Bourne Valley, 1950s: Walter Kilby recalls:
In telephone conversations in October and December 2012, Walter Kilby commented that these people who were desirous of a religion closer to old-time Methodism, were not being fed the traditional teachings in their own chapels. He himself came to the Valley in 1957, aged 22, from his Methodist background in Berkhamstead, and joined the Methodists in St Mary Bourne.
There were annual visits by Joe Bush, an evangelist to village children. Another tent evangelist, Sandy Thompson, visited the village. Kilby also reports evangelistic visits by a Methodist colporteur from Andover, who is presumably the Christian colporteur whom Hooks names as Oliver Hopkins.
Kilby found the Methodism of the Bourne Valley villages different in ethos from the town Methodism to which he was accustomed in Berkhamstead. He recalls the churches as inward-looking, closed in on themselves, and village people in general, including chapel folk, as slow to accept outsiders. Society had been stable for a long while, so that it was common for three generations to be living simultaneously in a village. The oldest generation of Methodists, perhaps born around 1880, knew of ‘the old-time religion’, but changes of theology and ethos, studied in The great River and in Change and Decay: Primitive Methodism from late Victorian years till World War 1 had widely infected and debilitated the denomination, so that the newer generations, though (in Kilby’s view) converted people, had very little understanding either of evangelical Christianity in general, or of Primitive Methodism in particular. Most circuit ministers had been preaching the new theology for decades, and emphasis on the traditional “three Rs” of ruin, repentance and redemption, had fallen very largely into desuetude if not oblivion.
The exception, according to Kilby, was the chapel at Littledown. This society was known to be staunchly Evangelical, and circuit ministers tended to feel ill at ease among them, and to keep somewhat aloof. Credit for sustaining the primitive spirit goes largely to a member called Edgar Brooks.
Here the memories of Kilby and Hooks differ somewhat in regard to the two female Methodist evangelists, Deaconesses Beth Bridges and Pam Cooper, who came to the Valley in 1956, and undertook a week’s evangelism, but the burden of their reports is the same.
According to Kilby, the deaconesses’ evangelism took place in connection with each of the chapels, starting from the lower end of the valley. They enjoyed little or no response till they arrived at Littledown. There a score of people professed faith through their ministry, and a work began – ‘broke out’ in old-time parlance – which spread down the Valley. The people, ill-taught but sincere, were as tinder waiting to be kindled. This mission was the spark. Hooks however writes, “I would say that in each of the churches there was a nucleus of sincere, prayerful, Bible-based Christians.”
By then, however, as Kilby remembers, traditional village life in the Bourne Valley was, in a sense, dying. This is well expressed, concerning England more widely, by John Hibbs in The Country Chapel (Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 1987, pages 22-4): “Until the great changes of the mid-twentieth century … the country chapel was a necessary part of the rural social structure, giving comfort and self-respect to many who were still expected to raise their hats to their superiors, and earn a labourer’s meagre wage… For today the agricultural labourer is the least likely person you would expect to meet in the village, and the labourers’ cottages are now too often second homes for incomers from the towns. Those who once supported the country chapel are among the thousands who have left the land.”
The agricultural labourers of the Bourne Valley were no longer needed because of mechanisation. These labourers had been “the backbone of the chapels”; Methodist families had lived there for generations, but now needed to find work elsewhere. At the same time, whilst previously people had not owned cars, now they became able to drive elsewhere to work or worship, and new families with no links to the chapels moved in as the Valley began to fill with commuters. Additional problems faced Methodism’s classic Evangelicals during the 1960s: the connexion’s conversations with the Church of England concerning reunion; Martyn Lloyd-Jones’s call to Evangelicals to come out of their denominations and form separatist congregations; the growing influence of the Charismatic Movement. All of these contributed to the fragmentation of the constituency within Methodism.
*See Firebrand: Herbert Silverwood and the years of revival by David Lazell (Bromley: Foundation Publications, 1971)